1. In what well known and historically significant appellate court decision should one of the members of the tribunal been recused, at least by today’s standards, probably by him/her-self, or, if not in that way, by other members of the court, and if not in either of those ways, then by some other authoritative means?
  2. Who is that member of the tribunal?
  3. What is the reason recusal should have happened?  (And if there is more than one reason, what are they?)