Factions and therefore political parties are something that acutely concerned many of the “Founding Persons,” of our republic e.g., both Washington and Madison, among many others. 

Political parties are a paradox. At the same time, they are both required for large democracies and a threat to them. 

In elections, the applicable law must be followed–something all reasonable lawyers and most other citizens know. 

One wonders if parties and political figures alike have a moral obligation–all republics and all democracies include moral or ethical obligations as to political conduct as part of their constitutive structures–to conduct elections in accordance with other principles as well election laws.  


Suppose it is within the law for a candidate to actually or impliedly threaten opposing candidates and those who support them with jail (prison) terms simply for their opposing him/her. Most of us would agree that this is not an acceptable way conduct political campaigns in a republic or democracy. It seems to me that knowledge of this is especially true of lawyers. 

Now, what about the following statement, whether clearly and explicitly made or clearly implied:

“If I do not win this election, I will refuse to leave office and simply take over. Votes cast be damned.”


It might be within free political speech to say such things, but is it within the sound jurisprudence of election law?

Wouldn’t ethical principles forbid this kind of threat and negativity?

Does it not undermine fundamental principles of both democracy and the principles which make a country a republic?

Does it not disrespect the country and its essence as well as its constitution?

Does it not remind historically oriented lawyers of “Natural Law,” something which was guiding principles of the foundation of our republic?